Electronic Identities in Europe

UL's view on electronic identities

With the development of eGovernment services, it became handy for citizens to be able to prove their identity online. By doing so, they have access to online accounts associated with their real-life identity, from where they can conduct various transactions with public authorities and possibly also with private parties.

Europe shows a great diversity of electronic identity (in short: eID) implementations, varying from the traditional username-password combinations to the more sophisticated smart card solutions.